Manual tools and their digital equivalent

Digital technologies have not only infiltrated almost every aspect of our everyday lives, but have become an omnipresent tool in architectural practice and an integral part of the design process itself. There is broad consent that the digital tools significantly have changed the way architecture is developed and conceived today. This thesis explores how digital design tools shape the architectural design process and analyses digital design methods. Many popular design tools and methods in contemporary architecture have primarily been developed in other disciplines, such as car manufacturing, aerospace, shipbuilding and product design. Some technologies have diffused into architecture and have become popular design tools. Parallel developments in other fields, such as computer sciences, mathematics and engineering, together with societal changes have formed the basis of the digital revolution in architecture. Digital technologies have extended the design vocabulary and have liberated architects from former constraints – increasing computational power, enhancing the efficiency and speed of the design and production processes, enabling architects to handle geometrically complex forms. Architecture projects of the last decades are juxtaposed, looking at advances in digital technologies, beyond computer-aided design for drafting and visualisation and for creative and generative potential of digital media.